New York 2023 Review: IN WATER Is Out of Focus

Director Hong Sang-soo's latest film.

Lead Critic; Brooklyn, New York (@floatingartist)
New York 2023 Review: IN WATER Is Out of Focus

Hong Sang-soo, a Korean auteur whose singular minimalist filmmaking has comfortably found a home in film festivals everywhere, again, presents two films at the New York Film Festival this year,  unsurprisingly: In Our Day, which had its premiere at Cannes, and In Water.

Even clocking just over an hour, In Water will test the audience's patience, and I expect there will be many walkouts. It's not because the film is inherently bad -- I guess it depends on where you stand on Hong's often idiosyncratic films about not very much, but I digress -- but because the film is out of focus most of its running time.

Expect frustrated audiences getting up and complaining to the ushers that there's something wrong with its projection throughout. But as the film plays out, there are spurts of scenes that are in focus, telling the audience that the rest of the film is intended to be out of focus. 

Now having made over thirty features, and no problem financing his micro budget films, Hong makes whatever he wants and however he wants. In Water, just like last year's The Novelist's Film, concerns an artist's struggle to create, and finding inspirations. It just happens to be all out of focus!

So, what does he try to convey in these fuzzy, mostly static long shots? Does it reflect the young protagonist's creative block? Does it represent Hong's failing eyesight? We don't get to see three actors' faces most of the time. Does it symbolize that the struggle to create is universal by making them sort of anonymous? It is a bold statement, for sure.

Sung-mo (Shin Seok-ho, Introduction, Walk-up) is location scouting for his short film in an off-season southern seaside town with two friends, Sang-guk (Ha Seong-guk) and Namhee (Kim Seung-yun). It is revealed in their conversation that the former actor is trying out his directing and the two friends from college days are there to help out. The young filmmaker is putting his own money into this week-long excursion without a script. He is trying to find inspiration in the surroundings.

There had been some ideas that Sung-mo had for a project but he is less certain now if they will work. Sang-guk and Namhee are cordial enough to follow his leads, braving the cold, windy weather by the sea.

While looking out over the cliff, while Namhee shows off her Taekwondo kicks to Sang-guk, Sung-mo notices a woman collecting trash on the rocky beach below. He goes down there to talk to her. She is volunteering to clean the beaches because she lives in the neighborhood.

Then there is a phone call Sung-mo makes to a friend (ex-girlfriend?) who is in Malaysia, voiced by Hong's partner/muse, Kim Min-hee. He asks her if he can use the song he composed for her birthday in the past to be featured in the film. He is trying to gather inspiration from everywhere.

Just like reflecting his own creative process, with In Water, Hong shows where he draws his inspirations from: the surroundings, past relationships, supportive friends, and so forth. Obviously, though, Sung-mo, a young man who is dabbling in directing for the first time, is not Hong, a seasoned filmmaker in his 60s.

It ends with Sang-guk filming him walking into the sea and I burst out laughing, because that was how I ended my extremely pretentious student film that I made long ago. But at least mine was in focus!

Hong is being playful here within the margins of his minimalist aesthetics that he has cultivated over the years. The film being out of focus might mean a lot of different things, as I mentioned above, but knowing Hong through his films over the years, I don't think there's greater mystery, deep philosophical subtext, or puzzle box to solve in In Water. He is at a career stage where he can comfortably experiment with form, within the minimalistic confines of his filmic world. And I am loving it.

In Water makes its North American premiere Sunday, October 1, and also screens Monday October 2, at the New York Film Festival. For more information, please visit Film at Lincoln Center.

Dustin Chang is a freelance writer. His musings and opinions on everything cinema and beyond can be found at

Screen Anarchy logo
Do you feel this content is inappropriate or infringes upon your rights? Click here to report it, or see our DMCA policy.
Ha Seong-gukHong Sang-sooIn WaterKim Seung-yunShin Seok-Ho

More about In Water

Around the Internet